VW Passat repair


- 1. Ekspluatatsiiya of the car
   1.1. General information
   1.2. System of the central blocking of locks
   1.3. Trunk lid or back door
   1.4. Doors
   1.5. Window regulators
   1.6. Rear-view mirrors
   1.7. Seat belts
   1.8. Head restraints
   1.9. Forward seats
   1.10. Back seats
   1.11. Loading of a luggage compartment
   1.12. Parking brake
   1.13. Electronic blocking of differential
   1.14. Mechanical transmission
   1.15. Automatic transmission
   1.16. Adjustment of a steering column
   1.17. Ignition lock
   1.18. Engine start-up
   1.19. Combination of devices
   1.20. Information display
   1.21. Switches and additional control lamps
   1.22. Switch of light of headlights and turn indexes
   1.23. System of automatic maintenance of constant speed of movement of the car
   1.24. Switch of cleaners and washers of wind and back glasses
   1.25. Heating and ventilation system
   1.26. Climatronic air central air
   1.27. Hatch
   1.28. Plafonds of illumination of salon
   1.29. Lighter and ashtrays
   1.30. Top luggage carrier
   1.31. System of stabilization of provision of a body
   1.32. Tires
   1.33. Fuelling
   1.34. Body cowl
   1.35. Engine oil
   1.36. Transmission oil and liquid for an automatic transmission
   1.37. Hydraulic booster of a steering
   1.38. System of cooling of the engine
   1.39. Brake system
   1.40. Cleaner and windscreen washer
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Power supply system
+ 6. Ignition system
+ 7. Coupling
+ 8. Transmission
+ 9. Drive of forward wheels
+ 10. Suspension brackets
+ 11. Steering
+ 12. Brake system
+ 13. Wheels and tires
+ 14. Systems of heating, ventilation and conditioning
+ 15. Electric equipment
+ 16. Body
+ 17. Electric circuits


Repair B3-B4/Passat B3-B4 Volkswagen Passat>> Ekspluatatsiiya of the car>> Engine start-up
       PREVENTION
Do not start up the engine in the closed rooms as thus there is a danger of poisoning with carbon monoxide.

Before start-up of the engine establish the gear shifting lever in neutral situation (or in the situation "P" or "N" on cars with an automatic box) and press a coupling pedal. After start-up of the engine release a key.
Start-up of the cold engine short time can be accompanied by the increased noise connected with insufficient pressure of oil in system of greasing. Right after start-up it is possible to begin movement but while the engine did not get warm, it is necessary to support low frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft.

       PREVENTIONS
1. At start-up of the engine of the car with catalytic converter of the fulfilled gases the method of towage does not authorize its moving on distance more than 60 m. Not burned down fuel gets to converter and can put it out of action. Try to start up the engine by means of the storage battery of other car better.
2. Engine start-up by a method of towage of cars with an automatic transmission is not allowed.


At engine start-up with system of injection of fuel do not press an accelerator pedal. If the engine does not earn during 10 with, stop start-up and repeat it again through 30 pages. If the engine repeatedly is not started up, check an integrity of the fuse of the electric fuel pump.
At start-up of the hot engine after its start-up slightly increase frequency of rotation of the engine, having pressed an accelerator pedal.

Fig. 1.24. Ignition lock


Fig. 1.25. A combination приборов:1 – an alarm lamp of high temperature or insufficient level of cooling liquid; 2–alarm lamp of emergency pressure of oil; 3–control lamp of a driving beam of headlights; 4–control lamps of indexes of turn; 5–alarm lamp of insufficient level of brake liquid or turning on of the parking brake; 6–alarm lamp of a charging of the storage battery; 7–control lamp of candles of an incandescence; 8–speedometer; 9–the index of temperature of cooling liquid; 10-the index of level of fuel in a tank; 11-tachometer; 12-information display; 13-odometer and counter of daily run


At start-up of the diesel engine at ignition key turn in situation II (see fig. 1.24 ) in a combination of devices the control lamp 7 (fig. 1.25) of candles of an incandescence which informs the driver on inclusion of system of prestarting heating lights up and dies away at their switching off when the engine gets warm to necessary temperature.
The diesel engine of 1.9 TD (55 kW, an engine code — AAZ) is equipped with system of prestarting heating which joins automatically when opening and closing a door of the driver. If the engine thus was not started up, the system will automatically join and be switched off after each repeated opening and door closing.
Order of start-up of the diesel engine:
– turn a key in the ignition lock in situation II (see fig. 1.24 ), the control lamp 7 (see fig. 1.25 ) incandescence candles thus should light up;
– turn a key in the ignition lock in situation III (see fig. 1.24 ) after the control lamp 7 will go out, and start up the engine;
– after engine start-up immediately release a key in the ignition lock.

Fig. 1.1. Dashboard: 1–handle of adjustment of provision of a rear-view mirror; 2–control lamps of indexes of turn of the trailer and anti-blocking system of brakes (ABS); 3–switch of dimensional light and light of headlights; 4–lateral воздуходув heating and ventilation systems; 5–the handle of draft of an air zaslonka (the carburetor engine) or a regulator of frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft idling (for increase in frequency at start-up of the cold diesel engine); 6–switch of indexes of turn and light of headlights; 7–switch of the alarm light system; 8–combination of devices; 9–the switch of a cleaner and a windscreen washer with the button of switching of the multiinformation display; 10-ignition lock; 11-central воздуходув heating and ventilation systems; 12-radio receiver or radio tape recorder; 13-from left to right: switch of management of electric window regulators of back doors, switch of heaters of seats, switch of a heater of back glass, switch of antifog light of headlights; 14-control panel heating and ventilation system; 15-ware box; 16-control panel electric window regulators; 17-handle of a drive of the lock of a cowl; 18-assembly block of safety locks and relay; 19-the handle of adjustment of provision of a steering column on height; 20-button of a sound signal; 21-gear shifting lever (a mechanical transmission) or selector of a choice of transfers (an automatic transmission); 22-lever of the parking brake; 23-ashtray; 24-lighter


Start-up of the cold diesel engine becomes simpler at increase in frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft idling. This function is carried out by a regulator of frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft idling. The handle 5 (see fig. 1.1 ) managements of a regulator is to the left of a steering column. For engine start-up at air temperature above–15 °C completely extend the handle on itself. If air temperature is lower–15 ° With, at first turn a key in the ignition lock in situation II (see fig. 1.24 ), then extend the handle 5 (see fig. 1.1 ).
In order to avoid a discharge of the storage battery it is recommended to disconnect at inclusion of candles of an incandescence other consumers of the electric power.
At start-up of the engine do not press an accelerator pedal.
If start-up is accompanied by non-uniform work with admissions of operation of cylinders, hold included a starter, but no more than 30 pages.
If the engine is not started up, repeatedly include glow plugs and repeat start-up. If the engine is not started up from the second attempt, check an integrity of the fuse of candles of an incandescence. After engine warming up to working temperature the handle of management of the accelerator of single turns establish in a starting position.
At a stop of the engine it is necessary to remember the following:
– after long operation of the engine under loading or works at high frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft do not switch off the engine right after a car stop. The engine should work 2–3 mines idling. It will prevent an engine overheat;
– after an engine stop the fan of cooling of the engine can some time (to 10 mines) to continue to work;
– the fan of cooling of the engine can turn on and after a while after an engine stop at temperature increase of not circulating cooling liquid.

       PREVENTION
At the car with catalytic converter of the fulfilled gases it is impossible to switch off ignition during movement on any transfer.








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